Common Conditions We Treat
Axis Brain & Back Institute offers effective treatment options for these and other neurosurgical conditions and diseases. To watch a video about a condition, download a brochure, or read more about a condition click on the links below:
Neurosurgical Conditions and Diseases
The many types of brain tumors are divided into two categories: primary tumors and metastatic tumors. Primary tumors start within your brain whereas metastatic tumors start somewhere else and travel to your brain.
These primary brain tumors grow in the meninges, the thin layers of protective tissue that cover the brain and spinal cord. They are usually noncancerous, slow growing and do not often spread to other parts of the body.
Metastatic Brain Tumor
Metastatic Brain Tumors, also called secondary brain tumors, originate outside of the brain in another part of the body and then spread to the brain. These tumors are more common in adults than in children.
Myelopathy is spinal cord dysfunction related to abnormal pressure placed on the spinal cord. Given the spinal cord is the main nerve pathway between your brain and your body, pressure on it can cause problems throughout the body.
This condition is an irritation or compression of one or more nerve roots in the cervical spine. Because these nerves travel to the shoulders, arms and hands, an injury in the cervical spine can cause symptoms in these areas.
Degenerative Disc Disease
Degenerative disc disease is a condition described by low back and neck pain often combined with weakness and numbness. Many patients notice these discomforts arise especially when they are forced to sit or stand in one place for an extended period of time.
A herniated disc is a condition where an intervertebral disc has been injured and the contents of the disc protrude into the spinal canal or surrounding areas. When the condition is diagnosed as being in the neck region, it is called a herniated cervical disc.
Kyphosis is the unnatural curving of the spine and a deformation caused by disease or damage to the vertebrae. with it, the vertebrae change from a cylindrical shape to a wedge and the spine may begin to curve forward causing an upper back rounded appearance.
Lumbar Radiculopathy (Sciatica)
Lumbar Radiculopathy (Sciatica) is an irritation or compression of one or more nerve roots in the lumbar spine. Because these nerves travel to the hips, buttocks, legs and feet, an injury in the lumbar spine can cause symptoms in these areas.
Myelopathy is spinal cord dysfunction related to abnormal pressure placed on the spinal cord. Unlike conditions that cause pressure on individual nerve roots, this type of damage results in loss of nerve function anywhere along the spinal cord below the damaged area.
Post Laminectomy Syndrome
Post laminectomy syndrome, also called failed back syndrome, is a continuous and chronic pain that can develop after certain types of back surgery. This pain develops after a laminectomy procedure, which is the removal of bone at the rear of your vertebrae.
About two percent of people are affected by this deformation of the spine, which causes the normally straight spine to curve. It most often develops in early childhood, just before a child reaches puberty.
The spinal column contains open spaces that create passageways for the spinal cord and the spinal nerves. Spinal stenosis is a narrowing of (or an intrusion into) these openings.
This condition occurs when a lumbar vertebra slips out of place. It slides forward, distorting the shape of your spine. This may compress the nerves in the spinal canal.
This condition is a degeneration of the spine that can affect the spine at any level, resulting in pain and discomfort that can grow worse over time. The most common cause is from normal wear and tear associated with aging.
Dr. Aryan and Dr. Rubin also treat the following brain and spine disorders
- Adult Scoliosis
- Arthritis of the Spine
- Back Pain
- Brain and Nervous System Cancer (incl. Gliomas, Astrocytoma, Schwannoma, Medulloblastoma, Chordoma)
- Brain Cancer
- Carpal Tunnel Syndrome
- Degenerative Spine Diseases
- Neck Pain
- Ossification of the Posterior Longitudinal Ligament of the Spine
- Spinal Cord Neoplasm
- Spinal Cord Tumor
- Spinal Fracture
- Spinal Infections
- Spinal Instability
- Spinal Stenosis
- Spinal Tuberculosis
- Spine Deformities