Kyphosis is the unnatural curving of the spine and a deformation caused by disease or damage to the vertebrae. With it, the vertebrae change from a cylindrical shape to a wedge shape and the spine may begin to curve forward causing the upper back to have a rounded appearance.
Kyphosis can be caused by several factors such as cancer, birth defect, disease, syndromes that affect the spine and osteoporosis. Osteoporosis is a loss of bone density, making the bones weak and brittle.
Mild kyphosis may not show any symptoms. As it progresses, the spine may curve forward and create stiffness including aches in the neck and back. Severe kyphosis may put pressure on the spinal nerves and could cause organs to become compressed, leading to a wide range of problems.
Treatment options include medications, exercise and a brace. Surgery could also be need to straighten and stabilize the spine. Increasing calcium intake can help strengthen your bones.